14 March 2013

The Act of Throwing Someone or Something Out of a Window

You are sitting in a cafe with a friend sipping a drink that has more flavored syrup than espresso when the conversation unexpectedly turns to religion. You both smirk as if to say, "Are we really going to go there?" At first you play verbal badminton, neither of you ruffled by the others quaint misconceptions. Then with surprising speed badminton turns into full-on trench warfare. You and your 'friend' start lobbing bombs from behind the sugar packets.

Despite your brilliantly articulated arguments your friend refuses to see how right you are. Neither of you surrender so much as run out of weapons. At the checkout counter you purposely stand farther away from the audacious dimwit than you need to. They deserve it. Part of you wants to say, "Jesus. Buddha. Whatever, right?" But, you are stubborn, so instead you plaster on a fake smile and say, "It was great seeing you! Let's do it again soon." You walk to your car with keys already in hand. When your friend is out of earshot you mumble something unpleasant. You chuckle--the evil kind, because that final jab makes you feel victorious.

Religious arguments are not what they used to be. Tell that little cafe drama to a 17th century Hussite and you would get a slap in the face or worse...

Defenestration

noun
The act of throwing someone or something out of a window.

If it is possible to invent a method of assassination the people of Prague get full credit for this one. The Defenestrations of Prague were seminal events in the history of Bohemia, triggering both the Hussite Wars and The Thirty Years' War.

First Defenestration of Prague

The year was 1419. A few years earlier, Jan Hus, a philosopher and Prague University Rector was burned at the stake for having the gall to say that Jesus not the pope was the head of the Catholic Church.

Jan's followers were a vocal group known as the Hussites. The Hussites organized themselves into several different sects; some wanted sweeping religious reformation (The Radicals) others were more focused on land rights, specifically the return of Bohemia lands confiscated by the church (The Praguers). Their separate agendas were not necessarily a sign of disharmony. You have to remember that this is 100 years before Martin Luther and 300 years before the Age of Enlightenment. The Catholic Church was everywhere; art, music, politics, real estate, law--everywhere. With so many fronts to fight separate departments with separate department heads was just good business.

In late July, 1419, the Prague city council jailed several members of a radical Hussite sect. The other radical types were not pleased and organized a march on town hall. As they approached the tower someone threw a rock from a window above and hit a Hussite protester. It was a small act of defiance that wrought terrible retribution. The mob stormed the tower, ascended the stairs and started defenestrating like a mothaf#%^&*. They threw a judge out of the window. They threw the Burgomaster (Mayor) out of the window. They threw thirteen city council members out of the window. Those who weren't killed by the fall were quickly dispatched by the mob.

It is said that King Wenceslaus IV was so disturbed by the events he died shortly after due to shock.

Second Defenestration of Prague

The year was 1618. Europe was in religious upheaval. Northern Europe was primarily Protestant. Southern Europe was primarily Catholic. Bohemia was right in the center and every bit as confused as you would imagine. The ruling family was Catholic and the vast majority of its people were Protestant. In 1609 then Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, Rudolf II issued a Letter of Majesty granting religious freedom. This led to a relative truce. However, things started heating up again in 1617 when Ferdinand of Styria, a staunch Catholic supporter ascended to the thrown.

Ferdinand ordered the cessation of construction of Protestant Chapels on royal land. Naturally everyone wanted to have a meeting about it (some things never change). May 23, 1618. The meeting did not go well. The details are long and boring but basically it went something like this. The Catholic Regents were like, "We hear what you're saying, but we have to run this one up the ladder. How does next Friday sound?" And the Protestants were like, "Nope. We are deciding this one in the room." Everyone started talking over each other. Grandiose statements about religious freedom and persecution were bandied about and then both Catholic Regents and their scribe, a dude named Philipus Fabricius were chucked out of a window. They were in the castle. It was a long way down.

Tragic right? Well, not exactly...

Philipus and the Regents landed in a giant pile of horse manure. A seventy-foot plummet, frantic final prayers and they went squish instead of splat. They slid down the mountain of excrement and ran down a ravine where they made their escape.

The Catholics claimed that the men were saved by angels who swooped in and caught them. To which the Protestants predictably replied, "HORSE SHIT!!"

Philipus Fabricius was later granted nobility and the title Baron Von Hohenfall (literally "Baron of High Fall").

So, next time you get mad at your friend for not realizing how spiritually wise you are remember the Hussites  and Baron Von Hohenfall and put down the sugar packet before you get yourself into deep...